Ethics at the Credit Valley Hospital

Key Principles


Autonomy:

Is the principle whereby a person is accorded freedom to make his/her own choice providing the person is competent and the choice does not infringe upon the autonomy of others. It is a fundamental right to be respected and not have one's choice judged as being right or wrong.


Beneficence:

Denotes the intention to do good - to assist or help. It's important that the recipient perceives the intention as helpful, constructive and supportive.

Non-Malfeasance:

Is the principle to do no harm - the knowledge held by a health care professional will not be used to inflict injury and as an extension of injury, to not thwart, defeat or set back what would be in the best interests of the patient.

Justice:

Ensures the application of fairness by way of equal access to a resource or service to all members of society regardless of socioeconomic status or special privileges.
Factors to be considered include the limitation of resources and the demand or need for services to all.

Professional Integrity:

This refers to the integration of one's professional code of conduct, one's personal code of ethics and values, the medical-legal context and the recognition that patients and their families also operate within a similar context of ethics, values and culture. A health care professional's clinical opinion or advice is based on thoughtful attempts to balance each of the above elements.